Romans 9:5- “Of whom are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according-to the flesh, the One being over all, God, blessed forever, amen.” DLNT
Jesus! The One Being over all!
I want to dive into our key text today, using for our subject, the Lordship of Jesus Christ!
…According to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.Romans 9:5 NKJV
This statement of Paul’s follow a listing of all things that make Israel a special people, who justifiable should be the heirs of salvation. Let’s revisit them:
Who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.Romans 9:4-5 NKJV
In the midst of all of Paul’s accolades to the Jews, he has a point! He’s not just singing the praises of the Israelites and their specialness to God, he is reminding them of why they should be open to Jesus, the Messiah! In the midst of the praise for them as God’s people, comes the reality, or the truth of the Person of Jesus Christ! Paul makes several key points about Jesus in this one verse, so I wanted to make sure that they were not overlooked.
First point Paul makes is that Jesus came in the flesh and can trace His Jewish heritage to a human family. A point he also made in his opening arguments with the church in Rome:
Concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the fleshRomans 1:23 NKJV
Paul believed and taught that Jesus is the Son of God, and that He came in the flesh, or in a body. Matthew also declared that Jesus is the Son of God and that He came in bodily form, of the seed of David.
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of AbrahamMatthew 1:1 NKJV
Jesus’ Jewish heritage can be traced all the way back to Abraham, just like the Jews he was addressing. Even more importantly, was the fact that He is of the seed and lineage of David. Jesus Himself, made the point that He is of the seed of David:
“I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.”Revelation 22:16 NKJV
Every Jewish individual knew that the Messiah would be born of a virgin, and would be of the seed of David. Paul makes it clear that Jesus is that Seed!
Paul makes another profound statement about Jesus when he says that Jesus is over all. He echoes this truth in chapter 10 of Romans:
For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him.Romans 10:12 NKJV
The truth that Jesus is over all, doesn’t mean that He enforces His rulership in the lives of His people or the world. It simply means that He is over it all, and nothing is superior to Him. He has all power, but He doesn’t always execute that power. For example, He has the power to make us all serve and obey Him, yet, He has chosen that we should have free will, and get to choose or reject Him!
He says that Jesus is God!
“Of whom are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according-to the flesh, the One being over all, God, blessed forever, amen.”Romans 9:5 DLNT
The One who is over all is God! In saying that Jesus is the One over all, Paul is saying that Jesus is God! Some have a problem with this truth! They have no issue with Jesus being of God, or from God, but they take real offense when it is said that Jesus is God! John makes this point clear in the beginning of his book:
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.John 1:1-2, 14 NKJV
John points out that the Word is God and that God is the Word! The Word was with God and the Word became flesh! The Word dwelt among us and we beheld His Glory! And we know that John spoke of Jesus! Jesus is the Word, and Jesus is God! Jesus became flesh and dwelt among, God became flesh, and dwelt among us! It’s beautiful to meditate on, the God of the universe dwelling amongst us, living in us, and living through us! Wonderful Savior!
I shared this verse in the Darby translation of the Bible, because of the way it reads, “the One being over all, God; because some read this as Paul first referring to Jesus, and then to God! Even in the NKJV this verse refers to Jesus as the eternally blessed God! Paul makes no beans about who Jesus is! It is the rock upon which biblical theology exists. If Jesus is not the Son of God, then nothing in the Bible is true! If He is not God, then we all believe a liar! That’s the harsh reality of the gospel!
Some say that Jesus is a good man. If He is not Jesus, the Son of God, then He isn’t good, and His words are untrustworthy for He Himself said that God is His Father, and He and God are One! Some say He is a prophet! But if He isn’t the Son of God, His prophetic words can not be given credence, nor are they truth, for He said that He was returning to the Father and would come again!
Paul’s declaration of who Jesus is was not ambiguous on any level. Jesus came in the flesh, is of the seed of David, is the One being, God over all, and is blessed forever! Amen!
As Paul continues in chapter 9, we will see him once again arguing the case for Christ. He is broken over the rejection of the Messiah by the Jewish nation, realizing all that they are rejecting. Paul understood the struggle they had with Jesus, for he himself believed the same way at one time. Yet, when he met Jesus on the road to Damascus, he bowed his heart before Him, and called Him Lord!
Looking forward to more of what we can learn of our faith and of our Savior in the blogs to come! Wonderful Jesus!